In the coming period, China's economy will enter a relatively stable growth stage. It is necessary to create an "upgraded version" of China's economy by stabilizing growth, adjusting structure, and promoting reforms, which puts forward new requirements for the development of the logistics industry.
As economic growth stabilizes and slows down, the focus of China's economic development has shifted from pursuing speed and scale to quality and efficiency. At present, the high logistics cost is still an important factor restricting economic development. The ratio of China's total social logistics costs to GDP has remained at around 18% for a long time, which is about double that of developed countries. The logistics cost of an enterprise accounts for 30% of the total cost of the enterprise on average. By reducing logistics costs, it can promote the efficiency of the national economy and reduce dependence on GDP growth.
International experience shows that per capita GDP exceeds 4,000 US dollars and will usher in a period of rapid development of the service industry. In 2012, the added value of China's logistics industry accounted for 15.3% of the added value of the service industry. The logistics industry has become a pillar industry of the modern service industry. We must see that there is still a large gap between the development requirements of China's logistics industry and modern service industry, which is highlighted by the low level of specialization and socialization, which is difficult to meet the rising social logistics needs. potential.
At present, China's logistics service system is not fully prepared for the rapid development of the consumer market and trade and circulation industry. In recent years, the explosive growth of e-commerce has driven the rapid development of emerging formats such as express delivery and urban distribution, and has also exposed the contradiction between logistics services and e-commerce demand. With the rapid advancement of regional structure optimization and urbanization, consumer demand in the central and western regions and secondary and tertiary markets has accelerated significantly, which has challenged the depth and breadth of logistics services. China's logistics industry urgently needs to change to a consumer-oriented development model to meet the strategic requirements of expanding domestic demand.
Currently, the logistics industry is in a critical period of transformation and upgrading. We must recognize the situation, follow the rules, build on the core competitiveness of the industry, focus on quality and efficiency, market-oriented, service-oriented, optimize regional structure and urbanization, and support scientific and technological innovation. Taking the open economy as an opportunity, focusing on resource conservation and environmental protection, and taking reform and opening up as the driving force, we will accelerate the development of the logistics industry and strive to create an "upgraded version" of China's logistics.
Focus on quality and efficiency to create a new integration advantage. Through various methods such as mergers and acquisitions, alliance cooperation, etc., we will promote horizontal and vertical expansion, expand the scale of enterprises, and improve the industrial chain. Guide large enterprises to become bigger and stronger, increase in scale and level, and increase market concentration. Encourage small and medium-sized enterprises to be specialized and excellent, emphasize quality and efficiency, and cultivate specialized competitive advantages. It is necessary to extend from a single logistics link to the upstream and downstream of the entire supply chain, and to develop from a simple trading relationship to a strategic alliance. Use the advantages of the logistics industry to connect the two ends of production and sales, break the organizational boundaries, reshape the industrial chain, promote the linkage and integration of various industries such as manufacturing, distribution, and finance, and improve the logistics industry's ability to control the supply chain.
Market-oriented, creating new advantages of specialization. From the original price orientation to demand orientation, from focusing on low-cost competition to creating value competition, to achieve connotative development. Strengthen business carding, implement strategic contraction, and concentrate resources to build core business. Dig deeply into customer needs, clarify their own market positioning, and increase their market share. Carry out various forms of cost reduction and efficiency enhancement activities, implement refined management, standardized operation and professional management, reduce internal costs, improve operational efficiency, and rely on management innovation to improve operational efficiency.
Take service as the purpose and create new advantages of socialization. One is to adjust the service concept. Adapt to the rapidly changing market demand, and gradually change from traditional product competition, price competition, scale competition to service quality competition, brand competition, cooperation competition. The second is innovative service mode. Accelerate the optimal allocation of resources, develop high-value-added service models, and cultivate high-end service capabilities. Particular attention should be paid to the new requirements of emerging consumer formats such as e-commerce, urban distribution, and cold chain logistics for logistics services, to improve market responsiveness and service levels. The third is to improve service quality. Comprehensively sort out business processes, promote the standardization and standardization of processes, strengthen service performance management, and improve service quality. Fourth, establish a service brand. We must pay attention to customer service experience, improve the personalized level of service, and cultivate high-end service brands.
With the optimization of regional structure and urbanization as the starting point, create new advantages of networking. It is necessary to consolidate the strategic layout of key cities, build core logistics nodes and business platforms, form a backbone network of logistics services, and enhance the control and coverage of the network. In particular, we must seize the opportunities for rapid economic development in the central and western regions, accelerate the layout of the logistics network in the central and western regions, and achieve balanced development of the national network. We must seize the opportunity of urbanization development, actively sink networks and channels to secondary and tertiary markets, key cities and communities, and increase the penetration and radiation of the network. It is necessary to seize the opportunity of starting the urban consumer market, accelerate the layout of urban outlets, realize the intensive cultivation of the network, and improve the response speed of the terminal market. It is necessary to strengthen the optimal allocation of network resources, encourage network sharing and business cooperation, and achieve win-win development. In particular, we should encourage the construction of public service platforms that integrate dispersed resources, create a harmonious and prosperous industrial ecosystem, and promote the formation of a relatively concentrated industrial structure.